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Psychological counselor basic training exam preparation points: school disputes

点击量: Release time: January 9, 2020 12:43:28 Source: Global Online School Traffic:

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    【Abstract】 We have ushered in 2020. Candidates preparing for the first half of 2020, how are you preparing for the exam now? The Global Counseling Psychological Counselor's Channel has organized "Preparation Sites for Psychological Counselor Basic Training Exam: Disputes of Schools", and I hope it will be helpful to you.

    Representatives of the Structural Psychology School: Feng Te, Tiechener

    This school of thought holds that psychology should use experimental introspection to analyze the content of consciousness and find out the components of consciousness (such as feeling, perception, thinking, emotion, etc.) and how they are linked into various complex psychological processes. They use the so-called introspection method to study psychological phenomena, and they want to find out the basic elements that make up human psychology.

    Representative of the behaviorist school: Watson

    This school of thought holds that constructivism studies human consciousness, and consciousness is invisible and intangible. Research consciousness makes it difficult to make psychology a science. Therefore, he advocated that psychology should abandon consciousness and study behavior directly.

    The view of this school is also a typical view of environmental determinism.

    Gestalt School of Psychology: Weitheimer et al.

    German psychologist Wei Temo and others believe that the whole is greater than the addition of parts, and therefore opposes the decomposition of psychological phenomena into elements. They advocate studying psychological phenomena as a whole, and have established Gestalt psychology, or Gestalt psychology.

    Representative of Psychoanalysis: Freud

    According to Freud, human behavior stems from instincts and primitive impulses, especially sexual impulses. If certain instincts of a person cannot be satisfied and are suppressed into the subconscious, it will lead to mental illness. Digging out the experience and emotions that are suppressed into the subconscious, and relaxing it, you can get the effect of treatment.

    Freud also divided people's psychological structure into three levels: the ego, the ego, and the superego.

    A warm reminder from the editor of Global Online School: The above is the "Psychological Counselor Basic Training Exam Preparation Point: Disputes of Schools" organized by the Global Online School Psychological Counselor Channel. In order to avoid missing the registration time, it is recommended that you reserve a text message reminder Service, there will be a text message reminder. For more review materials, simulation questions and real questions over the years, please click the button below to enter the question bank to download.

    share to: Edit: Qin Yan

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