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Psychological counselor basic training exam preparation points: three memory systems

点击量: Release time: January 9, 2020 12:36:48 Source: Global Online School Traffic:

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    【Abstract】 We have ushered in 2020. Candidates preparing for the first half of 2020, how are you preparing for the exam now? The Global Online School Psychological Counselor Channel has organized the "Psychological Counselor Basic Training Exam Preparation Points: Three Memory Systems", hoping to help you.

    Cognitive psychology regards memory as the process by which the human brain encodes, stores, and extracts input information;

    According to the different ways of encoding, storing and retrieving information, and the length of information storage time, the memory is divided into three systems: instantaneous memory, short-term memory, and long-term memory.

    (A) transient memory (sensory memory)

    The way instantaneous memory remembers information is the image of external stimuli;

    The capacity of the instant memory is very large, 9 ~ 20 bits; but the retention time is very short, the picture is 0.25 ~ 1 second, and the sound image is 1 ~ 4 seconds;

    When the momentary information is realized, the information is transferred to the short-term memory; the information that is not noticed disappears after 1 second.

    (Two) short-term memory (working memory)

    Short-term memory refers to memory that is held within 1 minute after external stimuli are presented once in a very short time;

    The capacity of short-term memory is limited, generally 5-9 items. Languages are mostly auditory coding; others are image memory;

    It is the information currently being processed, so it can be realized; it can be transferred to long-term memory after repetition.

    (Three) long-term memory

    Long-term memory refers to the memory that is maintained for more than 1 minute after external stimuli are presented once in a very short time;

    Unlimited memory capacity, long-term memory coding has two types of semantic coding and image coding;

    Not intentional recall, unconscious; long-term memory can be extracted into short-term memory system;

    Long-term memory forgetting is caused by natural decline or interference.

    A warm reminder from the editor of Global Online School: The above is the "Psychological Counselor Basic Training Exam Preparation Point: Three Memory Systems" organized by the Global Online School Psychological Counselor Channel. In order to avoid missing the registration time, it is recommended that you reserve a free SMS reminder Service, there will be a text message reminder. For more review materials, simulation questions and real questions over the years, please click the button below to enter the question bank to download.

    share to: Edit: Qin Yan

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