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2020 National Tourist Guide Basic Test Guide for the National Tourist Guide Examination in 2020: Ancient Ideological and Cultural Knowledge

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    [Abstract] The 2020 test guide qualification examination time has been determined to be November 14. Candidates need to take the time to review it. The editor of the Global Network School Guide Card Channel has compiled the test sites for the "2020 National Tour Guide Certificate Examination". Ancient ideological and cultural knowledge ", I hope to help you review.

    2020 National Tourist Guide Basic Test Guide for the National Tourist Guide Examination in 2020: Ancient Ideological and Cultural Knowledge

    I. Development order of Chinese history

    Songs of historical dynasties:

    Xia Shang and the Western Zhou Dynasty, the Eastern Zhou Dynasty are divided into two generations.

    Spring and Autumn and the Warring States Period, unified Qin and Han Dynasty.

    Three points Wei Shu Wu, two Jins postponed.

    The North and South Dynasties were combined and passed on in the Sui, Tang and Five Dynasties.

    After the Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties, this was the end of the dynasty.

    Second, ancient Chinese ideological and cultural knowledge

    1. Literature

    The Book of Songs is the first existing collection of poetry in China, which is divided into three parts: Wind, Elegant, and Ode

    "Chu Ci Style" Poems

    "Fu" and "Yuefu" in the Han Dynasty: "Peacock Flies to the Southeast"

    Tang Poetry and Song Ci: "Everyone in Tang and Song Dynasties"

    Yuan Qu: "Dou E", "The West Chamber"

    Novels of Ming and Qing Dynasties: The Romance of the Three Kingdoms, Biography of the Marsh, Journey to the West, Dream of the Red Mansion

    2.History

    Historical Records of Sima Qian from the Western Han Dynasty

    Eastern Han Bangu's "Hanshu"

    3. Philosophy

    Spring and Autumn Confucius (Confucius): The founder of Confucianism. The Analects is a concentrated reflection of his thoughts and actions.

    Confucianism takes "benefits" as its core, and believes that "benefits" are love.

    Chun Qiu Li Er (Lao Tzu): The founder of Taoism, and his masterpiece "Lao Tzu" is also known as "Tao Da Jing".

    Spring and Autumn Mozi: The founder of the Mohist doctrine, the Mohist doctrine advocates "the world loves both".

    Warring States Han Feizi: the master of the doctrine of the Legalists.

    Chunqiu Sun Wu (grandson): a famous representative of the doctrine of military strategists, and author of "Sunzi's Art of War" and so on.

    Zhou Dunyi of Song Dynasty: Founder of Neo-Confucianism; Zhu Xi was the master of Neo-Confucianism

    Education

    Four ancient colleges in ancient China: Changsha Yuelu Academy, Henan Dengfeng Songyang Academy, Lushan Bailudong Academy in Jiangxi, Henan Puyang Academy in Shangqiu.

    Four books and five classics: The four books refer to "University", "The Golden Mean", "The Analects", "Mencius"; the five classics are "Poem", "Book", "Li", "Yi", "Spring and Autumn".

    Three outlines and five constants: "Three outlines" means "monarch is a ministerial outline", "father is a son outline", "a husband is a wife outline"; "five constants" means benevolence, righteousness, courtesy, wisdom, and faith.

    Imperial Examination System: It originated in the Han Dynasty and officially began in the Sui Dynasty. Divided into child test, rural test, meeting test, hall test.

    5.Art

    1) Calligraphy: The form of Chinese calligraphy first evolved from ancient hieroglyphs.

    Judging from the style of calligraphy, it can be divided into five major styles, namely, Shushu, Lishu, Kaishu, Xingshu, and Cursive.

    2) Instrumental music: Traditional instrumental music mainly includes solo instrumental music and ensemble instrumental music.

    3) Drama: Beijing Opera, Kunqu Opera, Hunan Flower Drum Opera

    4) Sculpture: Bronze wares, Terracotta Warriors and Horses of the Qin Shihuang Emperor, Pottery Sculpture, Tangcai, Tang Dynasty Stone Carvings

    A warm reminder from the editors of the Global Online School : To avoid missing the opening time of the 2020 Tourist Guide Pass exam registration entrance, you can schedule a free SMS reminder service. We will notify you in a short message when the registration for the Tourist Guide Pass exam is opened in 2020. For more guide-related review materials, mock test questions, and real questions over the years, please click the button below to enter the question bank to download.

    share to: Edit: Pampan

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