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2020 translation qualification examination three translation practice materials one

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    [Abstract] Xiaobian brings to you 2020 translation qualification examination level three translation practice materials, I hope to help everyone. Join the Global Network School to have a professional teacher to answer your questions and communicate with the test friends!

    Mosquitoes Have Shaped Societies as Well as Decimating Them

    During the second world war, American troops in the Far East were said to have two foes. The first was Japanese. One propaganda poster depicted an enemy's sabre, slick with blood. The second adversary had no sword but was terrifying all the same. Malaria -carrying mosquitoes infected around 60% of Americans stationed in the Pacific at least once. Drugs such as Atabrine could help, but nasty side-effects meant that some GIs shunned their daily dose – with predictable consequences. “These Men Didn't Take Their Atabrine ”warned a sign propped below a pair of human skulls in Papua New Guinea. Candidates can book SMS reminders for free if they are afraid that they have missed the exam registration time and time , You will be reminded by SMS to register and test time.

    At least decent treatment was available. For most of human existence, says Timothy Winegard in his lively history of mosquitoes, “we did not stand a chance” against the insect and its diseases. That was partly because of ignorance. Earlier humans blamed malaria and its mosquito-borne cousins on “bad air” from swamps, even as the years passed and death kept whining at their ears. Malaria once killed over 20% of people in the Fens of eastern England. Yellow fever ravaged Memphis, Tennessee, deep into the 1800s. No wonder Mr Winegard calls the mosquito a “destroyer of worlds”, which may have dispatched around half of all humans ever born.

    But his book is more than a litany of victims. Mr Winegard convincingly argues that the insect has shaped human life as well as delivering death. Mosquitoes helped save the Romans from Hannibal and Europe from the Mongols. And if malaria has changed history, so has resistance to it. Europeans believed that the relative immunity enjoyed by some Africans made them ideal slaves in the New World. Later, the tables were turned. "They will fight well at first, but soon they will fall sick and die like flies," predicted Toussaint Louverture of the Frenchmen sent to end his slave revolution in Haiti. He was right. About 85% of the 65,000 soldiers deployed to the colony died of mosquito-borne illnesses, and Haiti won its independence.

    These dashes across time and distance could become exhausting, but Mr Winegard is an engaging guide, especially when he combines analysis with anecdote. One highlight relays a bizarre plot by a Confederate zealot to infect Abraham Lincoln with yellow fever; another passage explains the ancient Egyptian habit of fighting malarial fevers by bathing in urine. (A few of the witticisms fall flat. Calling the 18th-century Caribbean a “dinner-party buffet” for mosquitoes seems glib, for example; anthropomorphising the pests as a “guerrilla force” is a metaphor too far.)

    But much of Mr Winegard's narrative is thrilling – above all the concluding chapters in which he tackles the modern mosquito. Drugs and insecticides have helped slash malaria rates, but mosquitoes can quickly develop immunity themselves. In total, the insects still kill over 800,000 people every year. And though gene-editing might one day render them harmless, or even obliterate them altogether, mosquito-borne illnesses such as Zika have recently been spreading to new regions. The destroyer of worlds has not finished yet.

    Mosquitoes have killed many people and shaped human society

    During World War II, the U.S. military reportedly had two enemies in the Far East. One was the Japanese army, and a propaganda poster drew a Japanese army knife stained with blood. The second enemy, even without a knife, is equally frightening. About 60% of US forces stationed in the Pacific have been infected with mosquitoes carrying malaria at least once. Drugs such as malamazepine can work, but the side effects are serious, so some American soldiers do not take them on time and daily every day-the consequences can be imagined. At the time in Papua New Guinea, a sign below a pair of human skulls warned: "These people are not taking malamidine."

    At least at that time you can get decent treatment. Timothy Winegard wrote in his vivid account of the history of mosquitoes. Looking at human history, most of the time "we are vulnerable" to mosquitoes and the diseases they carry. Part of the reason is ignorance. Over the years, the buzz of death has been on the ears, but early humans have always blamed malaria and other diseases transmitted by mosquitoes for the "belt gas" released from the swamps. Malaria has killed more than 20% of people in the swamps of eastern England. In the late 19th century, yellow fever destroyed Memphis, Tennessee. About half of all the population from ancient times to the present may have been killed because of mosquitoes. It is no wonder that Winggard described mosquitoes as "world destroyers".

    But his book is more than just a record of the victims. Wyangard convincingly argues that, in addition to dying, mosquitoes shape human life. The army of mosquitoes who rescued the Romans from Hannibal also freed Europe from the Mongol iron hoof. If malaria has changed human history, so has human immunity to malaria. Europeans think that Africans who have some immunity to malaria are well suited to be slaves in the New World. Feng Shui took turns later. "They will be strong at first, but they will soon get sick and die one after the other." Toussaint Louverture did to the French sent to Haiti to suppress the slave revolution he led. Such a prediction. He was right. About 85% of the 65,000 soldiers sent to the colony died of mosquito-borne diseases. Haiti has won independence.

    Such a narrative that travels through time and space may be tiring to read, but Wyangard is a guide that can catch people's hearts, especially he can fuse anecdotes and analysis. One of the highlights tells a bizarre conspiracy: An ardent supporter of the Southern League had attempted to get Lincoln infected with yellow fever; another paragraph explained the ancient Egyptians' habit of bathing in urine to combat malaria fever. (However, some shakers are not effective. For example, the "self-service dinner" that called the mosquitoes in the Caribbean in the 18th century is a bit slick, and it is a bit too much to compare mosquitoes to "guerrillas."

    But much of Winggard's narrative is gripping, especially the final chapters on modern mosquitoes. Drugs and pesticides have greatly reduced the incidence of malaria, but mosquitoes can also quickly develop immunity, still killing more than 800,000 people each year. Although gene editing may one day make mosquitoes harmless and even eliminate them completely, mosquito-borne viruses like Zika have recently spread to new areas. The destruction of the world is endless.

    更多精品备考资料。 Global Network Alumni Tips: The above is the practical materials for the translation of the 2020 translation qualification examination level three for the English translation qualification channel. Click the button below to download more quality preparation materials for free .

    share to: Edit: Ji Wenkai

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