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2020 Translation Qualification Examination Level III Translation Practice Materials III

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    [Abstract] Xiaobian brings to you 2020 translation qualification examination level 3 translation practice materials III, I hope to help everyone. Join the Global Network School to have a professional teacher to answer your questions and communicate with the test friends!

    Football and Finance: Scouts' Honour

    How three middling clubs used clever hiring to beat the top dogs

    If you had told football fans in a pub 15 years ago that Manchester City, Liverpool and Tottenham Hotspur would one day dominate the Premier League, they might have told you to make it your last pint of the day. In 2004 City finished 16th, Spurs 14th and Liverpool a distant fourth. The ruling triumvirate of Arsenal, Chelsea and Manchester United were the only clubs to win the competition in 1996-2011.

    Yet today the league tables are turned. The Premiership's new sultans are Manchester City, who on May 12th sealed their fourth title in eight seasons, to the delight of Abu Dhabi's royal family, who bought the club in 2008. One point behind were Liverpool, whose tally of 97 made them the best runners-up ever. On June 1st the Merseyside team will face Tottenham in the final of the Champions League, Europe's most prestigious tournament. What has allowed this new trio to dominate? Free text message reminder for registration time and test time , You will be reminded by SMS to register and test time.

    Money is part of the answer. In 2008-12 Manchester City splurged £ 520m ($ 675m) on transfers. Fenway Sports Group, an American firm that bought a near-bankrupt Liverpool in 2010 for £ 300m, now spends that much a season on players' wages and transfer fees. But lots of English clubs are wealthy: nine of the world's 20 highest-earning clubs are English. City spends only 8% more per year on players than United, and Spurs pay 20% less than Arsenal.

    In the past, Premier League clubs squandered their wealth. When 21st Club, a consultancy, plotted European teams' spending against their results, 16 of the 20 English sides sat below the trend line. Continental clubs charge higher transfer fees to affluent Premier League sides , who spend 80% more than their rivals for the same level of talent. What's more, English clubs have a habit of buying ageing stars rather than nurturing talented youngsters.

    Manchester City, Liverpool and Tottenham have learned from these mistakes. Since 2016 the players they have signed have been younger and from less flashy clubs than those bought by their rivals. City paid £ 55m for Kevin de Bruyne, a midfielder for Wolfsburg, a mediocre German team. Liverpool bought Mohamed Salah, an attacker for Roma, for £ 37m. Now in their peak years, each has become his team's best player. This season Spurs became the first club in Premier League history not to sign a single player, after years of recruiting young talents from lesser clubs. Many have matured into stars, such as Son Heung-min (from Leverkusen) and Dele Alli (from Milton Keynes).

    Meanwhile Manchester United, Chelsea and Arsenal have made costly errors. United made 30-year-old Alexis Sánchez the league's highest earner, on £ 25m a year. But the striker scored just five goals in 45 games. Chelsea got rid of Álvaro Morata, a £ 60m striker from Real Madrid, after just a year. Arsenal have purchased several woeful defenders.

    Challenges remain for the new trio at the top – not least an investigation by UEFA, Europe's football authority, into claims of financial irregularities at City, which could mean a season-long ban (City deny it). Either way, on June 1st an English side will win the Champions League for the first time in seven years.

    Football and Finance: The Glory of Scouting

    How the three midstream clubs used clever selection strategies to defeat the giants

    If you told fans at a bar 15 years ago that Manchester City, Liverpool and Tottenham will one day dominate the Premier League, then they may tell you, it's all right, don't Drink it. Manchester City ranked 16th in 2004, Spurs were 14th, Liverpool were ahead and ranked fourth. At the time, Arsenal, Chelsea and Manchester United dominated. From 1996 to 2011, only these three clubs won the Premier League title.

    Yet today's rankings have shifted. Manchester City have become the new sultan of the Premier League. On May 12, Manchester City won the fourth championship in eight seasons, which made the Abu Dhabi royal family who acquired the club in 2008 very happy. Liverpool trailed by one point and became the runner-up with the highest score ever with 97 points. On June 1, the team from Merseyside will face Spurs in the final of the most prestigious European Champions League tournament in Europe. What makes this new top three laugh in the Premier League?

    Money is part of the answer. From 2008 to 2012, Manchester City spent 520 million pounds ($ 675 million) on transfer fees. In 2010, the American company Fenway Sports Group bought nearly bankrupt Liverpool for 300 million pounds, and now spends the same amount every season to pay players' salaries and transfer fees. But many British clubs are rich: 9 of the 20 highest paid clubs in the world are from the UK. Manchester City spends only 8% more on players each year than Tottenham, and Tottenham is 20% less than Arsenal.

    In the past, Premier League clubs have squandered their wealth. The consulting firm 21st Club studied the comparison of the expenditures of each European team with the results, and plotted it into a chart. The chart shows that 16 of the 20 British teams are below the trend line. Continental clubs charge higher transfer fees to wealthy Premier League teams, who spend 80% more on buying the same level of players than their competitors. In addition, British clubs are used to buying more mature stars rather than training talented young people.

    Manchester City, Liverpool and Tottenham have learned from these mistakes. Since 2016, they have signed players who are younger than those bought by competitors, and the clubs they belonged to have not been so dazzling. Manchester City signed mediocre German team Wolfsburg midfielder Kevin de Bruyne for £ 55 million. Liverpool bought Roma striker Mohamed Salah for £ 37 million. Now they are at their peak, and they have become the best players on their team. This season Tottenham has become the first club in Premier League history that a player has not signed. For years, Tottenham have been recruiting young players from lower clubs. Many of them have become stars, such as Son Heung-min (from Leverkusen) and Dele Alli (from Milton Keynes).

    At the same time, Manchester United, Chelsea and Arsenal have made costly mistakes. Manchester United has given Alexis Sánchez, 30, an annual salary of £ 25 million, making him the highest paid player in the Premier League. But the striker has only scored 5 goals in 45 games. Chelsea previously signed Real Madrid striker Álvaro Morata for £ 60 million, but sent him away just a year later. Arsenal also bought several terrible guards.

    The new top three of the Aurelia Premier League are still facing challenges-in particular Manchester City has been investigated by the European football management agency UEFA for suspected financial violations, which may lead to a one-year penalty for suspension (Manchester City has denied violations) . Anyway, on June 1, for the first time in seven years, a British team will win the Champions League trophy.

    更多精品备考资料。 Global Network Alumni Tips: The above is the translation practice materials for the 2020 Translation Qualification Examination III for you organized by the English Translation Qualification Channel. Click the button below to download more quality preparation information for free .

    share to: Edit: Ji Wenkai

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