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2020 Nurse Qualification Examination Chapter 12 After-school Exercises: Section One

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    【Abstract】 The 2020 nurse qualification exam time has been determined to be May 16-18, 2020. Have you started reviewing? In addition to the knowledge points in the review process, everyone needs to do questions to consolidate knowledge. The Global Nurse Practitioner Channel brings you the 2020 Nurse Qualification Exam Chapter 12. After-school practice questions: The first section helps you master this part of the knowledge.

    Related recommendations: 2020 Nurse Qualification Exam Chapter 12

    Nursing for patients with low back pain and neck and shoulder pain

    First, A1

    1. The description of periarthritis of the shoulder is wrong.

    A. More women than men

    B. Left side is more than right side

    C. More teenagers than older people

    D. Slight atrophy of deltoid muscle

    E. Shoulder abduction, external rotation, limited extension

    Early symptoms of periarthritis of the shoulder

    A. Joint stiffness

    B. Shoulder pain

    C. Disused muscular atrophy

    D. "Square shoulders"

    E. Subcutaneous ecchymosis

    3, the age of onset of periarthritis

    A, around 20 years old

    B, about 30 years old

    C, about 40 years old

    D, around 50 years old

    E, the incidence rate is the same for all ages

    4, the best treatment of acute shoulder periarthritis

    A. Physiotherapy

    B. Acupuncture

    C, mainly surgery

    D. Shoulder braking, local warm treatment

    E. Shoulder braking, partial cold treatment

    5.The most common signs in the early stage of lumbar disc herniation are

    A. Thomas sign test (+)

    B. Deep vein patency test (+)

    C. Traffic branch valve function test (+)

    D. Straight leg lift test (+)

    E. Babinski sign (+)

    6.The most common cause of low back pain in young adults

    A. Strain, herniated disc

    B. Pyogenic infection, tuberculosis

    C, tumor

    D. Bone hyperplasia

    E. Congenital malformations

    7. The distinction between lumbar spinal stenosis and lumbar disc herniation is mainly based on

    A. Whether there is radiation pain in the lower limbs

    B, with or without intermittent claudication

    C. Waist pain

    D, CT examination

    E, X-ray film

    8.The most meaningful test for lumbar spinal stenosis is

    A. Plain lumbar film

    B. Lumbar puncture

    C. Lumbar spinal angiography

    D 、 Lumbar spine CT

    E. Lumbar MRI

    9. Main clinical manifestations of lumbar spinal stenosis

    A. Lumbar muscle spasm

    B. Tenderness is obvious

    C. Pain worsens when bending over

    D, intermittent claudication

    E, lasegue sign positive

    10. If lumbar disc herniation occurs during pregnancy, it is usually because

    A. Thicker lumbar disc

    B, loose ligaments

    C, improper posture

    D. High activity

    E, muscle relaxation

    Second, A2

    1. Male patient, 68 years old, diagnosed with cervical spondylotic myelopathy. The patient was treated with anterior cervical spine surgery on the second day of admission.

    A, wound bleeding

    B. Throat edema

    C. Spinal cord injury during operation

    D. Too much drainage fluid

    E. Bone graft loss

    2. Female patient, 68 years old, was diagnosed with cervical spondylotic myelopathy. What is inappropriate in the following statement is

    A. Can cause paraplegia

    B, can cause incontinence

    C. Early feasible massage and traction treatment

    D, early surgery should be actively treated

    E, MRI shows spinal cord compression

    3. Patient male, 60 years old. Admission surgery for cervical spondylosis, pre-operation exercises are not included

    A. Neck forward flexion

    B, neck extension

    C, lateral neck flexion

    D. Turn the neck sideways

    E. Pressure on head

    4. Patient, male, 60 years old, neck and shoulder pain, stiffness, bilateral upper limb numbness, hypersensitivity, weakness, discharge-like string pain, positive brachial plexus pull test, and positive head test The patient is of cervical spondylosis

    A. Spinal stenosis

    B. Vertebral artery type

    C, spinal cord

    D. Parasympathetic

    E, spinal nerve root type

    5. Male patient, 51 years old. Right neck and shoulder pain for 1 year, with right hand numbness for 3 months. Diagnosis of cervical spondylosis. Which of the following is a reliable basis for this diagnosis

    A, neck and shoulder pain

    B, X-ray shows bone spurs

    C. Huffman sign (+)

    D. Numbness of fingers

    E, limited neck movement

    6. Female patient, 52 years old, recently experienced shoulder pain, which gradually worsened, radiating the neck and the middle of the upper arm, and the pain at night was obvious, which affected sleep, and came to the hospital for treatment.

    A. Lumbar disc herniation

    B. Nerve root cervical spondylosis

    C. Periarthritis of the shoulder

    D. Lumbar spinal stenosis

    E. Sympathetic cervical spondylosis

    7. Patient, female, 50 years old. The pain worsened after a sprain of the waist 3 days ago and radiated to the left lower extremity. The straight leg elevation test was positive. The preferred processing method is

    A. Surgery

    B. Hot pack

    C. Strengthen activity intensity

    D, lying on a hard board

    E. Using painkillers

    8. Male patient, 47 years old. Underwent lumbar disc nucleus enucleation, which of the following postoperative care measures is incorrect

    A. Keep the waist brake, and the axis should be turned over.

    B. General bedridden for 7-10 days after operation

    C. Pay attention to the feeling, movement and defecation of the lower limbs

    D. Waist Support

    E, can guide the back muscle exercise after surgery to prevent nerve root adhesion

    9. Female patient, 55 years old, recently suffered back and leg pain. After walking hundreds of meters, pain in the lower extremities, numbness and weakness, need to squat, bend down for a few minutes before you can continue walking, but continue to walk repeatedly The above symptoms can be initially judged as

    A. Lumbar disc herniation

    B. Lumbar spinal stenosis

    C. Vertebral artery type cervical spondylosis

    D. Rheumatoid arthritis

    E. Spinal cord injury

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