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Psychological counselor basic training exam preparation points: the establishment of scientific psychology

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    【Abstract】 We have ushered in 2020. Candidates preparing for the first half of 2020, how are you preparing for the exam now? The Global Online School Psychological Counselor's Channel has organized "Preparation Sites for Psychological Counselors' Basic Training Exam: Establishment of Scientific Psychology", and I hope it will be helpful to you.

    Before the 19th century, psychology had always been in the realm of philosophy;

    In the middle of the 19th century, due to the introduction of experimental methods to the study of psychological phenomena, psychology became an empirical science, and eventually differentiated from philosophy into an independent science;

    The birth of scientific psychology was marked by the establishment of the world's psychological laboratory at the University of Leipzig by the German psychologist Font in 1879.

    Font

    Description: Wilhelm Wundt (1832 ~ 1920) was born in Mannheim, Germany on August 26, 1832. He studied medicine from 1851 and received a doctorate in medicine in 1856. In the following year, he was a lecturer in science at Heidelberg University. In 1858, he was employed as an assistant to H.von Helmholtz, and was able to be guided by Helmholtz, and then transferred to the field of mental science. In 1874, he was recruited as the University of Zurich, and in 1875 he was Professor of Philosophy at the University of Leipzig. In 1879 the world's psychology laboratory was established at the University of Leipzig. Founded "Philosophy Research" in 1884; published "Psychological Research" in 1905.

    In 1889 he became president of the University of Leipzig. He taught for 45 years at the University of Leipzig until his death on August 31, 1920.

    Fonte said that his psychology is content psychology, and some of his ideas were inherited by his student Tiechener and developed into structural psychology. Most of Ponte's previous psychological experiments were conducted in the physiology laboratory. Because of Ponte's efforts, psychology was not only detached from philosophy, but was not affiliated with physiology. In 1879, it became an independent discipline. Due to Fonte's contribution to psychology, scholars see him as the founder of modern psychology.

    According to Fonte, psychology is the study of the direct experience of people, so it is different from the science of indirect experience as the research object, and it should be studied by methods that can determine direct experience, that is, experimental introspection. Feng Te used introspection to study the psychological phenomena of feeling, perception, attention, and association; he put forward the theory of unified perception (thinking that unified perception is like the gaze point of consciousness) and the three-dimensional theory of emotion (thinking that emotion includes pleasant and unpleasant, excited And the three dimensions of calm, tension and relaxation).

    He also advocates the use of ethnic psychology to study advanced psychological phenomena.

    There are many works of Feng Te throughout his life. Representative works include the important work of "Experimental Psychology" published in 1874; "The System of Philosophy", which represents the essence of Feng Te philosophy and psychological thought, published in 1889. ; Outline of Psychology, 1896. From 1900, he spent ten years publishing 10 volumes of "National Psychology" representing his social psychology. In 1920, he wrote an autobiography, "Experience and Knowledge."

    A warm reminder from the editors of the Global Online School: The above is the "Psychological Counselor Basic Training Exam Preparation Point: The Establishment of Scientific Psychology" organized by the Global Online School Psychological Counselor Channel. In order to avoid missing the registration time, it is recommended that you reserve an SMS reminder for free Service, there will be a text message reminder. For more review materials, simulation questions and real questions over the years, please click the button below to enter the question bank to download.

    share to: Edit: Qin Yan

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