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2020 Beijing Senior Economist "Economic Basis" Knowledge Points: Plan Type

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    [Abstract] The 2020 senior economist preparation exam is now in the preparatory stage. The editor of the Global Network School will share the "2020 Beijing senior economist" Economic Basis "knowledge points: plan types" Everyone learns for reference, and the follow-up editor will update more essential test sites, so stay tuned!

    Related Recommendations: Summary of Knowledge Points of "Economic Basis" by Beijing Senior Economist in 2020

    Plan type

    There are many types of plans. According to different signs, plans can be divided into different types. Each type of plan is not separated from each other, but a plan system composed of plans that are applicable to different conditions.

    (1) Classification by plan breadth

    According to the breadth of plans, plans can be divided into strategic plans and operational plans. Strategic plans are plans that apply to the entire organization, establish overall long-term goals for the organization, and seek the status of the organization in the environment. The characteristic of the strategic plan is its long-term nature, which determines the direction of the movement of a large number of resources within a relatively long period of time; it has the characteristics of greater flexibility, wide coverage and many related factors. An operational plan is a detailed plan that specifies how the overall goal will be achieved. Its planning period is short. The biggest difference between it and the strategic plan is that an important task of the strategic plan is to set goals, while the operation plan is to assume that the goal already exists and provide a plan to achieve the goal.

    (2) Classification by plan clarity

    According to the degree of clarity of the plan, the plan can be divided into a guiding plan and a specific plan. Guidance plans (Directional plans) only provide general guidelines or point out key points, and do not limit managers to specific

    On the target, or on a specific course of action. Such a plan can point the way for the organization and provide a common understanding, but it does not provide practical guidance. Specific plans are exactly the opposite, requiring clear measurable goals and a set of actionable plans. Guidance plans are flexible. Organizations often face different levels of environmental uncertainty and predictability and choose to develop these two different types of plans.

    (3) Classification by organization level

    According to the organizational level, plans can be divided into high-level management plans, middle-level management plans, and grass-roots management plans. The senior management plan focuses on the organization's overall and long-term arrangements, pays attention to the organization's positioning in the environment, and determines the energy exchange relationship with the environment. It is generally a strategic plan. The middle-level management plan generally focuses on the positioning of the various components within the organization and the determination of the interrelationships. It may include strategic content such as the sub-targets of the department, as well as operational content such as the work plan of each department. The grass-roots management plan focuses on the work arrangement and coordination of each position, each employee, and each working hour, which is basically an operational content.

    (4) Classification by organizational function

    According to organizational functions, plans can be divided into production plans, marketing plans, and financial plans. These functional plans are usually the plans prepared and implemented by the corresponding functional departments of the enterprise. Therefore, the planning system classified by function is generally parallel to the organizational system of the management division of the organization by function.

    Classification by organizational functions helps people to more accurately determine the interdependence and interactions between the main areas of operation, helps to estimate possible changes in the implementation of a functional plan and the impact on all plans, and Helps to allocate limited resources more rationally across functional plans.

    (5) Classification by plan content

    According to the plan content, it can be divided into special plans and comprehensive plans. Special plans, also known as thematic plans, refer to plans formulated to complete a specific task, such as a capital construction plan, a new product trial production plan, and so on. A comprehensive plan refers to the overall arrangement of the organization's activities. The relationship between the comprehensive plan and the thematic plan is the overall and partial relationship. The special plan is a special arrangement for some important projects in the comprehensive plan. The special plan must be guided by the comprehensive plan to avoid being disconnected from the comprehensive plan.

    (6) Classification by plan duration

    Can be divided into long-term plans, medium-term plans, short-term plans. Long-term plans are often strategic plans that specify goals for the organization over a longer period of time and a general approach to achieving them. For an industrial and commercial enterprise, long-term plans include business goals, strategies, guidelines, long-term product development plans, innovations, and so on. Short-term plans usually refer to annual plans, which are detailed descriptions and regulations of various activities based on the goals set in the medium- and long-term plans and the current actual situation. It has strong operability. The short-term plan has a small range of flexible choices in the process of implementation. Effective execution is its most basic and most important requirement. Middle-term plans are between long-term and short-term plans, and play a role in linking long-term and short-term plans. The long-term plan is problem-centered, while the medium-term plan is time-centric, detailing the content of the long-term plan into the goals of each period. It can be said that the medium-term plan not only gives the specific content of the long-term plan, but also points out the direction for the short-term plan. The long-term plan indicates the direction for the organization, the medium-term plan indicates the path for the organization, and the short-term plan specifies the pace for the organization. Therefore, it is of great significance to combine long, medium and short-term plans.

    (7) Classification by plan

    Different manifestations of plans are an important aspect of plan diversity, and determining plan forms is of great significance to the planning function. Different planning forms can be described as a hierarchical level.

    公布,环球网校提供免费预约短信提醒 The 2020 senior economist exam time is September 12th. It is expected that the registration notice for senior economists in Beijing in 2020 will be announced around January 2020. Global Online School will provide free SMS reminders for appointments. Service, we will promptly remind you of the registration time of senior economist in Beijing in 2020, please make an appointment in time!

    ”按钮后即可领取! The above contents are the knowledge points of "Economic Basics" of Beijing senior economist in 2020: plan type. If you want to get more 2020 senior economist exam preparation materials and real questions over the years, click the " Free Download " button to get it!

    share to: Edit: Li Mengyue

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