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2020 Nurse Qualification Examination Chapter 11 After-school Exercises: Section 15

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    [Abstract] The time for the nurse qualification exam in 2020 has been determined. Have you signed up for this exam? Have you started reviewing? Preparing for a nurse qualification certificate and doing a question is a very important part of the review process. The Global Network School Nurse Practitioner Channel brings the 2020 Nurse Qualification Examination Chapter 11 after-school practice questions: Section 15 to help everyone consolidate their knowledge.

    Related recommendations: 2020 Nurse Qualification Exam Chapter 11

    Nursing of patients with common limb fractures

    1.Ischemic muscle contractures are most common in

    A. Supracondylar fracture of humerus in children

    B. Femoral neck fractures in the elderly

    C. Youth femoral shaft fractures

    D. Dislocation of elbow joint

    E. Humeral shaft fracture

    2. When nursing patients with bone traction, excessive traction can cause

    A, muscle atrophy

    B. Bone healing disorders

    C. Limb deformity

    D. Severe pain

    E. Bone damage

    3. The right wrist is injured, and the lower radius is planned to be fractured.

    A. Swelling of the wrist

    B, finger extension and movement disorders

    C, tenderness at the lower end of the radius

    D, bruises on the wrist

    E. Fork-like deformities

    4. What is wrong with the care of patients with small splints?

    A. It is advisable that the tie of the splint cannot be moved up and down

    B. Raise the affected limb

    C. Observe the sensory movement and blood flow of the affected limb

    D. Order the patient to return regularly

    E. Exercise of affected limbs should be carried out early

    5.The suitable temperature for storing broken limbs is

    A, -8 ℃

    B 、 -4 ℃

    C, 0 ℃

    D, 4 ℃

    E, 8 ℃

    6. Compared with bone traction, skin traction is characterized by

    A. Complex operation

    B, the traction time can be longer

    C. Patients suffer more

    D, little irritation to the skin

    E, can withstand less traction weight

    7. In order to prevent apraxia osteoporosis in patients with plaster fixation, the correct way

    A. Muscle relaxation and contraction of affected limb

    B. Apply a hot compress to an unfixed limb

    C, plaster is too tight

    D. Plastering the affected limb in a comfortable position

    E. Keep the distal limbs warm during the cold season

    8, plaster syndrome often occurs in

    A. Elderly

    B, plaster vest fixer

    C. Forearm plaster support fixator

    D, lack of exercise of affected limbs

    E. People with wound infection in plaster

    9.The most important factor affecting fracture healing is

    A, senior

    B. Wound infection

    C, comminuted fracture

    D. Poor blood supply

    E. Excessive traction during reset

    10.The characteristic manifestations of the fractures with diagnostic significance are

    A. Unbearable pain

    B, wound bleeding

    C. Abnormal activity

    D. Glenoid emptiness

    E. Tenderness is obvious

    11.The late complications of a fracture are

    A, shock

    B. Nerve injury

    C. Ischemic muscle contracture

    D. Osteofascial compartment syndrome

    B. Fat embolism syndrome

    12.Small splint is suitable for

    A. Forearm fracture

    B, sternal fracture

    C. Spinal fracture

    D. Multiple fractures

    E. Intertrochanteric fracture

    13.The purpose and effect of traction do not include

    A. Brake of the affected limb reduces pain

    B. Rehabilitation of fractures and dislocations

    C. Promote blood supply to affected limbs

    D. Correction and prevention of contracture deformities

    E. Relieve muscle spasms and prepare for surgery

    14. The principle of fracture treatment is

    A, reset, fix, functional exercise

    B, reset, hemostasis, functional exercise

    C, hemostasis, fixation, functional exercise

    D, reset, fix, reduce pain

    E. Prevent deformity, reduction, and reduce pain

    15.The most serious complication of plaster fixation is

    A. Osteoporosis

    B, pressure ulcer

    C, osteofascial compartment syndrome

    D, plaster syndrome

    E. Apraxia syndrome

    16. In the bandage dressing method, the correct operation steps of the body roll bandage method are

    A. Bandaging from the telecentric end

    B. Keep your limbs in the extended position

    C. Avoid extremities

    D, weekly bandaging should be suppressed 1/4 of the previous week

    E. Spiral reverse folding bandage on the upper arm

    17. The fractures most likely to cause necrosis of the femoral head are

    A. Fracture of the upper femur

    B. Fracture of the femoral head

    C. Fracture of middle femur

    D. Femoral neck basal fracture

    E. Open Femoral Fracture

    18. In which part of the patient should the left upper limb be removed when undressing when wearing a fracture, the right upper limb first

    A. Left upper limb fracture

    B. Right upper limb fracture

    C. Right lower extremity fracture

    D. Left lower limb fracture

    E. Pelvic fracture

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