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Thirteen translation qualification exam questions in 2020

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    [Abstract] Xiaobian brings to you 2020 Translation Qualification Level Two Translation Exam Questions Thirteen, I hope to help everyone. Join the Global Network School to have a professional teacher to answer your questions and communicate with the test friends!

    Talk about the gold content of China's economic growth in the first half of the year (excerpt)

    Fourth, the reform and opening up have been intensified, and the vitality of development has continued to increase.

    Observing economic development depends not only on the short-term development level, but also on the long-term development potential. China has rich experience in macro-control and ample policy space, has great development resilience, potential, and room for manoeuvre, and is fully equipped to maintain stable, healthy, and sustainable economic development. In recent years, the reform of “decentralization and management services” has continued to deepen, a market-oriented, rule-of-law, and internationalized business environment has been accelerated, more openness has been achieved in opening up, pre-admission national treatment plus negative list management and other systems have been implemented in an orderly manner. The acceleration of new kinetic energy cultivation and the conversion of old and new kinetic energy accelerates the injectable momentum for sustainable and healthy economic development, and also provides sufficient support for sustainable economic development. It has never been seen that the fundamentals of China's long-term economic improvement have not changed. Candidates can book SMS reminders for free if they are afraid that they missed the exam registration time and time , You will be reminded by SMS to register and test time.

    Development of new kinetic energy accumulation and growth. The negative list of market access was revised and improved, the national government service platform was put into trial operation, the business environment was continuously improved, and new industries, new formats and new models grew rapidly. In the first half of the year, the added value of industrial strategic emerging industries increased by 7.7% year-on-year, which was 1.7 percentage points faster than that of industries above designated size. Engineering construction in key areas such as artificial intelligence and big data has been advanced in an orderly manner, and 5G commercial use has officially started, helping the rapid development of emerging business formats. The nationwide online retail sales of physical goods increased by 21.6% year-on-year, which was 13.2 percentage points faster than the total retail sales of consumer goods. New products adapted to market needs increased rapidly. The output of 3D printing equipment, smart watches, service robots, new energy vehicles and other products increased rapidly, with year-on-year growth of 271.4%, 162.9%, 86.5% and 34.6% respectively.

    High-level open dividends are gradually emerging. Adhering to mutual consultation, joint construction and sharing, the “Belt and Road” construction continued to advance, and the second “Belt and Road” international cooperation summit forum was successfully held. Facilities connectivity and production capacity cooperation accelerated, and economic and trade exchanges with countries along the route were expanded. In the first half of the year, China ’s import and export volume with the “Belt and Road” countries increased by 9.7% year-on-year, and the growth rate was faster than the total value of all imports and exports by 5.8 percentage points. The Foreign Investment Law was promulgated, a new catalogue of industries to encourage foreign investment, and a negative list of foreign investment access across the country and the Pilot Free Trade Zone were issued, and major foreign investment projects were implemented in an orderly manner. Against the background of a sharp decline in global cross-border investment, China ’s actual use of foreign investment (in RMB terms) increased by 7.2% year-on-year, of which the actual use of foreign investment in high-tech industries increased by more than 40%.

    The vitality of micro subjects has been enhanced. Large-scale tax and fee reductions have effectively reduced the burden on enterprises, and the sense of gain of micro-subjects has been significantly improved, and development capabilities have been enhanced. According to the survey of industrial enterprises below the designated size, 52.2% of the enterprises received tax relief in the second quarter, an increase of 3.0 percentage points from the first quarter, and the proportion rose for the sixth consecutive quarter. Benefiting from tax and fee reductions, business conditions have improved. At the end of June, the asset-liability ratio of industrial enterprises above designated size was 57.0%, a year-on-year decrease of 0.3 percentage points. In the first half of the year, the year-on-year decline in total profits of industrial enterprises above designated size narrowed by 0.9 percentage points from the first quarter. At the same time, the continuous improvement of the business environment has effectively helped the growth of micro-subjects. In the first half of the year, there were 19,000 new registered companies in the country every day, which became a new force to stabilize employment, increase income, and promote growth.

    These circumstances fully show that the 6.3% economic growth in the first half of the year has a heavy gold content, showing the overall stable and steady development of China's economy.

    IV. We have intensified reform and opening up, and continued to boost the vitality of development.

    To assess economic development, we should not only look at short-term development levels but also at long-term development potential. China boasts rich experience in macro-control and abundant policy space and enjoys great resilience, potential, and room for maneuver in its development. China is, therefore, well equipped to maintain steady, healthy, and sustainable economic development. In recent years, we have continued to bolster reforms to streamline administration, delegate power, improve regulation, and upgrade services, stepped up efforts to create an internationalized business environment that is market- and law-based, more actively expanded opening up, and implemented a management system based on pre-establishment national treatment and a negative list in an orderly manner. By doing so, we have vigorously promoted mass entrepreneurship and innovation, worked faster to foster new growth drivers and replace old growth drivers with new ones, injected strong impetus for sustained a nd sound economic development, and provided ample support for sustainable economic development. Looking forward, the fundamentals of China's positive long-term economic prospects will not change.

    1. New growth drivers have been accumulated and strengthened.

    The negative list for market access was revised and improved, the national administrative service platform went online on a trial operation basis, the business environment was continually enhanced, and new industries as well as new forms and models of business multiplied rapidly. In the first half of this year, the value added of strategic emerging manufacturing industries saw a year-on-year increase of 7.7%, 1.7 percentage points higher than that of large-scale industries. Key projects such as artificial intelligence and big data were advanced in an orderly manner, and commercial use of 5G was officially launched, facilitating the rapid development of new forms of business. National online retail sales of physical goods saw a year-on-year increase of 21.6%, outpacing the growth of total retail sales of consumer goods by 13.2 percentage points. There was a rapid increase in new products to meet market demand, with the production of 3D printers, smart watches, service robots, and new-en ergy vehicles seeing rapid year-on-year increases of 271.4%, 162.9%, 86.5%, and 34.6% respectively.

    2. The dividends of high-level opening up are gradually becoming more evident.

    Upholding the principles of mutual consultation, joint development, and shared benefits, we continued to advance the Belt and Road Initiative, successfully held the Second Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation, expedited infrastructure connectivity and industrial capacity cooperation, and expanded economic and trade engagement with Belt and Road countries. In the first half of this year, the value of imports and exports between China and Belt and Road countries increased by 9.7% year-on-year, 5.8 percentage points faster than the growth of the total value of China's imports and exports. We promulgated the Foreign Investment Law, introduced a new catalog of industries that encourage foreign investment and two negative lists for foreign investment – one for the whole country and the other for pilot free trade zones – and launched major foreign-funded projects in an orderly manner. Against a backdrop of significantly decreased cross-border investment globally, China's actu al use of foreign capital saw a year-on-year increase of 7.2% in RMB terms, within which the actual use of foreign capital in high-tech industries rose by over 40%.

    3. The dynamism of microeconomic entities has been strengthened.

    Large-scale tax and fee cuts effectively lightened the burden on enterprises, and significantly enhanced microeconomic entities' sense of gain and capacity to develop. According to a survey, 52.2% of small-scale industrial enterprises received tax relief in the second quarter, up 3 percentage points over the first quarter, and this proportion increased for six consecutive quarters. Thanks to tax and fee cuts, the operational situation for enterprises showed improvement. By the end of June, the debt-to-asset ratio of large-scale industrial enterprises was 57%, down 0.3 percentage points year-on-year. In the first half of this year, the total profit of large-scale industrial enterprises was down 0.9 percentage points year-on-year from the first quarter. Meanwhile, a continuously improving business environment effectively promoted the growth of microeconomic entities. In the first half of this year, there were 19,000 registrations for new enterprises every day across the nation, which tra nslated into new forces for stabilizing employment, increasing incomes, and promoting growth.

    The above facts fully prove that the 6.3% economic growth in the first half of this year was of significant value, demonstrating that China's economy remains stable overall with a positive trend.

    更多精品备考资料。 Global Network Alumni Tips: The above is the thirteenth translation preparation test for the 2020 translation qualification for the English translation qualification channel. Click on the button below to download more quality preparation information.

    share to: Edit: Ji Wenkai

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