2. Employment prospects:
Civil affairs, women's federations, charities, social organizations, community service agencies, street offices, etc.
Social workers are equivalent to government employees. At present, this emerging profession has been "cold" by the society as a profession. Each year, only 12% of the students in this major who can be accepted as professional social workers by the Ministry of Civil Affairs, and even some schools have a professional counterpart rate of graduates. zero. The low employment rate of social work majors and the fierceness of civil service examinations prove from another aspect that we have a long way to go to achieve "big markets and small governments".
Statistics show that there are currently nearly 20,000 social workers paid by the government in Guangzhou, of which the number of social workers in the urban area of Guangzhou has reached more than 8,000. It mainly works in areas such as assisting youth education, women's work and rehabilitation counselling for the disabled, with community neighborhood committees as the main work platform.
In spite of this, many people who are actually engaged in social work in China still face an embarrassing situation. Social work is a profession that specializes in social work. Most of the current practitioners do not have the relevant professional qualities and skills; on the other hand, the qualification of social workers is recognized Standards have just begun in China, and the definition of social workers is unclear. People who do social work can hardly be called social workers in the strict sense.
The society urgently needs a large number of social workers, and the employment rate of social work majors is pitifully low. Why do these two situations co-exist? The first is that the largest employer of social graduates-the government gives job opportunities to civil servants. Second, the social worker consciousness of the whole society has not been formed. Social work students go to apply. In all likelihood, they will have to explain to recruiters what social work is. After they work, they are often used as nursing or simply handyman. This raises another problem: they don't know the professional nature of social work (requiring a license abroad) and are more willing to spend very little money to find cheap non-professional labor.
In developed countries and regions, the social work system has been very perfect and professional. Social workers are an important force for maintaining the healthy operation of society. They have become an indispensable part of society in preventing crime, especially juvenile delinquency, and supporting the elderly. In Hong Kong, one in every 1,000 people is a social worker.
With the rapid development of China's economy and society, many social problems have also increased. It can be said that the occupation of social workers is extremely extensive.
The personnel in the hospital who are engaged in psychological counseling of patients, the judicial agencies who handle and channel family disputes, etc., are all social workers. In accordance with the development trend of "big market, small government", and reference to policies such as "government purchase service" being implemented in Shanghai (the government through tenders, non-governmental service agencies are hired to help community corrections, drug abusers and marginalized people such as problem youths return to society Etc.) After all, the above-mentioned social work will be separated from the law enforcement systems such as civil affairs, justice, and health, and will be market-oriented and socialized-this will provide a large number of social work opportunities.
Experts predict that within the next decade, citizens will gradually develop a sense of social work, and the government will also issue supporting policies. Social work, this emerging profession will have good prospects for development. According to statistics from the Labor and Social Security Department, one-third of the country ’s more than 300,000 workers have a college education below. According to the regulations of the Shanghai Municipal Government, nearly 3,000 residential (village) committees in the city are to be provided with two employment assistance personnel and social assistance personnel, which requires 6,000 people.
The Interim Measures for the Certification of Shanghai Social Workers' Professional Qualifications, jointly launched by the Shanghai Personnel Bureau and the Civil Affairs Bureau, will come into effect this June. After the November qualification exam, the first batch of social workers with professional qualifications will be born. It is reported that within two or three years, Shanghai will realize that all social service workers must be qualified after certification, and their services include social assistance, social welfare, social correction, psychological counseling, and marriage introduction and funeral services.
In developed countries and regions, engaging in social work is a very noble and decent job, and the pay is also very good. The social workers' income in Hong Kong is close at hand. Generally, the monthly salary of junior social workers is between 12,000 and 18,000 Hong Kong dollars, and the annual salary of senior social workers can reach more than 400,000 yuan.
In the Mainland, the situation is very different. At present, there is no uniform standard system for the salary of social workers. Except for some graduates recruited by the Ministry of Civil Affairs in the form of civil servants every year, they can be protected from drought and floods. Other positions, such as social workers in welfare homes or sub-district offices, are not treated as much as ordinary nursing staff, and due to staffing issues, many of their hukou accounts , Housing, etc. are difficult to solve.
During the probationary period of drug control, community correction, and youth affairs social workers in Pudong New District, the monthly salary of junior college and bachelor degree social workers is 800 yuan and 1,000 yuan. After the probationary period, the monthly salary of social worker with junior college degree is about 1500 yuan, and the monthly salary of bachelor degree is about 2,000 yuan .According to the work assessment, the income of social workers gradually increases according to the number of years of work. Social workers who have passed the Shanghai Social Worker Qualification Examination and obtained the qualification of "Social Work Assistant" will have their monthly salary increased by 5%. "Eligible social workers have a corresponding monthly increase of 10%.