Primary and secondary school and kindergarten teacher qualification examinations are established by the state, and the provincial education administration department organizes and implements the "National Standard, Provincial Examination" standard reference examination.
The teacher qualification system is a statutory occupational licensing system implemented by the state for teachers. Teacher qualification is the basic requirement of the country for those who are preparing to enter the teaching staff and engage in education and teaching. condition. After the state implements the teacher qualification system, only those who have a teacher qualification (holding a teacher qualification certificate issued by the state) can be hired or appointed as teachers. Once a teacher's qualification is obtained as a legal national qualification, it is not subject to geographical and time restrictions nationwide, and has universal validity. It cannot be revoked at will unless required by law.
On November 26, 2011, Zhejiang and Hubei took the lead in conducting national unified examination sites. In 2012, four provinces including Hebei, Shanghai, Hainan and Guangxi were added. In 2013, four provinces including Shanxi, Anhui, Shandong and Guizhou were added. As of September 2014, a total of 13 provinces and autonomous regions in the three provinces of Jilin, Shaanxi and Jiangsu have participated in the national unified examination of teacher qualification certificates. By the end of November 2016, all provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities except Xinjiang, Tibet, Inner Mongolia and Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan will implement unified examination policies.
Teachers are receiving more and more attention, becoming the second hot spot for employment after civil servants. From 2009 to 2010, the number of enrolled teachers in the six urban districts of Nanjing alone exceeded 7,000, with an admission ratio of 18: 1 and Shenyang's 21: 1. The reason is that the teacher profession has always been considered an iron rice bowl. With the performance reform, the amount of "gold" in teachers' rice bowls is higher, "a hundred-year plan, education-oriented; education plan, teacher-oriented". If education is the cornerstone of national development, teachers are the founders of the cornerstone. The rise and fall of a country depends on education. Only first-class education can have first-class talents and build a first-class country. The country is inseparable from teachers, so teachers have ideal rankings and high recognition in all occupations in society. [Easy forensics is easy, zero-based worry-free]
In 2020, the national qualification examination will be implemented for the teacher qualification examination. Teacher qualification examination consists of written test and interview. The written test mainly evaluates the applicant's educational philosophy, professional ethics, and knowledge of education laws and regulations; the basic abilities of scientific and cultural literacy and reading comprehension, language expression, logical reasoning, and information processing; Basic knowledge of education and teaching, student guidance and class management; the basic knowledge of the proposed teaching subject (professional) field, the knowledge and methods of teaching design, implementation, and evaluation, and the ability to use the knowledge to analyze and solve practical problems in education and teaching.
[Preschool Teacher Qualification]
"Comprehensive Quality" 1. Single-choice question 2. Material analysis question 3. Writing question "Protection of teaching knowledge and ability" 1. Single-choice question 2. Short answer question 3. Discussion question 4. Material analysis question 5. Activity design question
[Primary Teacher Qualification]
"Comprehensive Quality" 1. Single-choice question 2. Material analysis question 3. Writing question "Education and teaching knowledge and ability" 1. Single-choice question 2. Short answer question 3. Material analysis question 4. Teaching design question
[Secondary teacher qualifications]
"Comprehensive Quality" 1. Single-choice question 2. Material analysis question 3. Writing question "Educational Knowledge and Ability" 1. Single-choice question 2. Discrimination and analysis of the right and wrong and explain the reason 3. Short answer question 4. Material analysis question "disciplinary knowledge And Ability》 Single choice, short answer, instructional design, etc.
Provincial examination area teacher qualification examination question types can be seen in each province's examination announcement. [Encyclopedia of Teacher Qualifications]
Teacher qualification examinations are divided into unified and autonomous examinations. Examination times for unified examination areas are announced uniformly, and independent examination hours vary from place to place. The registration period for the written test in the first half of 2020 is January 9-12, 2020, and the written exam for the unified test in the first half of the year is March 14, ... Click to view the schedule of 2020 exams >>
Teacher qualification examinations are divided into unified and autonomous examinations.
The subjects of the unified examination are middle school "comprehensive quality", "education and teaching knowledge and ability", "disciplinary knowledge and ability"; primary school "comprehensive quality", "education and teaching knowledge and ability"; infants "comprehensive quality" and "educational knowledge and ability". Examinations in other regions are autonomous examinations, and the examination subjects are mainly pedagogy and educational psychology. Some provinces also need to take other subjects.
Candidates who have or intend to obtain a college degree can register for the exam. The specific examination content is detailed in the relevant regulations of the local education administrative department or the entrusted higher education institution.
|Primary and secondary school and kindergarten teacher qualification examination subjects|
|Category||Written test subjects||Face test|
|Subject one||Subject II||Subject three|
|kindergarten||Comprehensive quality||Education knowledge and ability||—||Structuring, speaking, answering|
|primary school||Comprehensive quality||Education and teaching knowledge and ability||—||Structuring, speaking, answering|
|Junior high school||Comprehensive quality||Educational knowledge and ability||Subject knowledge and teaching ability||Structuring, speaking, answering|
|High school||Subject knowledge and teaching ability||Structuring, speaking, answering|
|Secondary||Culture teacher||Structuring, speaking, answering|
|Professional teacher||(Organized by the pilot province)||Structuring, speaking, answering|
|Instructor in secondary vocational education||(Organized by the pilot province)||Structuring, speaking, answering|
|Global Online School Teacher Qualification Channel|
Note 1: The subject knowledge and teaching ability of junior high school and senior high school correspond to the corresponding level school curriculum in the curriculum standard of the Ministry of Education. According to the overall deployment of the examination center of the Ministry of Education, the subjects of junior middle school subject knowledge and teaching ability are divided into Chinese, mathematics, physics, chemistry, biology, history, geography, ideology and morality, English, music, art, sports and health, information technology, history and 18 disciplines such as social, science, Japanese, Russian, mental health, etc .; subject knowledge and teaching ability subjects in high school are divided into Chinese, mathematics, physics, chemistry, biology, history, geography, ideology and politics, English, music, art, sports and 17 disciplines including health, information technology, general technology, Japanese, Russian, and mental health. Other subjects are not open for the time being. .
Note 2: Kindergarten interviews are not divided into subjects. Primary school interview subjects are divided into Chinese, English, society, mathematics, science, music, sports, arts, mental health education, information technology, and elementary school general subjects. Middle school interview subjects are consistent with the three-phase subjects.
Teacher qualification unified examination outline
The Examination Center of the Ministry of Education formulates examination outlines for each subject based on the qualification examination standards for primary and secondary schools and kindergarten teachers. Primary and secondary school and kindergarten teacher qualification examination outlines stipulate the content and requirements of examinations, the structure of test papers, sample questions, etc., and are the basis for candidates to study and test propositions .... [View the examination outline for each subject unified examination]
Teacher qualification exam book
There are no official textbooks for teacher qualification examinations, which are published by institutions and publishers .... [Unification test textbooks]
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Teacher qualification examinations are divided into unified and autonomous examinations. Examination times for unified examination areas are announced uniformly, and independent examination hours vary from place to place. In the first half of 2020, the registration period for the written examination for the first half of the junior high school teacher qualification exam is January 9-12 ... Click here to view the registration time for the local exams >>
Those who meet the following requirements can apply to take the teacher qualification examination:
(1) Ideological and moral conditions
Abide by the Constitution and laws, love education, fulfill the obligations stipulated in the Teacher Law, and abide by teachers' professional ethics; pass the ideological and moral appraisal of the applicant unit or the township (town) or subdistrict office where the household registration is located; the fresh graduates shall be conducted by the school Ideological and moral appraisal.
(2) Educational requirements for teacher qualification
Apply for kindergarten teacher qualifications. Must have a graduated from preschool education school or above;
To apply for the qualification of primary school teachers, they should have a college degree or above;
To apply for the qualifications of teachers of culture and professional courses in junior high schools, junior vocational schools, and qualifications of teachers in high schools, secondary vocational schools, technical schools, and vocational high schools, you must have a college degree or above;
Those applying for secondary professional school, technical school, and vocational high school students' internship instructor qualifications should have a college degree or higher, and at the same time, they must have professional technical qualifications equivalent to assistant engineers or higher, or workers with intermediate or higher technical skills.
(3) Physical conditions necessary to be a teacher
"Physical conditions" should be part of the ability of education and teaching, or "hardware" that undertakes the task of education and teaching, because the physical conditions of teachers (especially primary and kindergarten teachers) have a certain effect on the effectiveness of education and teaching. Article 6 of the "Teacher Qualification Regulations" stipulates: "Ability to educate and teach shall include physical conditions for education and teaching in accordance with national regulations." Physical conditions for teachers are mainly required to have no infectious diseases, no history of mental illness, and complete legal acts. Ability, etc. The specific standards of "physical conditions" shall be implemented with reference to the relevant provisions of the physical examination standards for professional education for normal education.
(4) Professional and technical requirements for qualifications of internship teachers in secondary vocational schools
The nature of "training middle-level professional and technical personnel required by the national economic sector" in secondary vocational schools determines that there are many internships and practical operations in secondary vocational school education and teaching. These internships and practical tasks are undertaken by the internship instructor. These In addition to a certain degree of education as the basis for practical operation teaching, it also requires a considerable amount of experience and practice to achieve. Therefore, Article 7 (2) of the "Regulations for Teacher Qualifications" stipulates that: "To obtain the qualifications for internship instructors in secondary vocational schools, you must have the academic qualifications prescribed by the education administration department of the State Council, and you must have a professional or technical position equivalent to an assistant engineer or above or an intermediate level or above Worker skill level. "
(5) Requirements for Putonghua
The "Education Law" stipulates that Mandarin should be promoted in all types of schools in China. Article 8 of the "Implementation Measures for the (Teacher Qualification Regulations)" stipulates that the standard of Putonghua shall meet the second-class and second-class standards of the Standard for the Proficiency Test of Putonghua promulgated by the National Working Committee on Language and Characters. The level of Putonghua in a few areas with complex dialects should reach Level 3 and above; the level of Putonghua in minority autonomous regions that use Chinese and local ethnic languages for teaching shall be set by the education administrative department of the provincial people's government. With the progress of society and economic development, people's communication has become closer and wider, and Mandarin has been increasingly valued by society as an important tool for communication. Education, especially basic education, plays an extremely important role in promoting the use of Putonghua. Teachers should have a higher level of Putonghua than other members of society.
Note: Different provinces and cities have different requirements. For details, please refer to the province's application conditions and requirements. [Click here, all provinces know the application conditions]
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Admission ticket printing time
The printing time of each province's teacher qualification examination admission ticket is generally about one week before the examination ... The entrance to the printed admission ticket is the website where the application is registered. [Entrance to the official website of primary and secondary school teacher qualifications]
Admission ticket printing process
First: print the admission ticket, the system will generate the admission ticket based on the candidate registration information.
Second: Download the pdf admission ticket as prompted.
Finally: After downloading, carefully check your personal information and print it directly into the admission ticket.
Work after the admission ticket is printed <br> I. Print two copies <br> The admission ticket can be printed in black and white and color. Candidates are advised to print two copies and one copy (don't put them together to avoid losing at the same time).
Second, refer to the inspection <br> After receiving the admission ticket, candidates can check the examination room in advance, familiarize themselves with the bus route, and ensure that they can take the examination on time.
3. Don't miss the test vouchers.参加 When you take the written test, you need to enter the examination room with your admission ticket and valid ID (resident ID card, temporary ID card, military ID card, armed police officer ID, passport). Take the test.
[Click to view the latest printing time of admission ticket]
Teacher Qualification Examination Query Time
In the first half of 2020, the query result of the teacher qualification written examination will be April 16. After the exam, the state determines and publishes the pass line for each subject in the written test. Candidates for the Unified Examination can log in to the Teacher Qualification Examination website to check the examination results after the announcement date. The written test scores are valid for two years. [Enquiry time of each place and latest information of entrance]
The teacher qualification certificate passing score line is different in the provincial examination area and the unified examination area.
Provincial exam area:
For those who have scored 60 or more in both subjects of general pedagogy and educational psychology examinations, a "Provincial Qualification Certificate for Pedagogy and Educational Psychology Examination of XX Province" can be issued. However, there are different standards in different places. You must check the notices of education bureaus in time.
Unified Examination Area:
The roll is divided into 150 points, and the standard is converted to 120 points based on 70 points. The passing line of the written test is determined by the examination center of the Ministry of Education, and the passing result line is subject to the query result of the current examination result.
Appendix 1: Forms of Qualification Certificates for Primary and Middle School and Kindergarten Teacher Qualification Examinations
Teacher qualification certificate collection
Collection of teacher qualification certificate transcripts (how to get certificate of qualification).
Unified Examination Area:
Candidates who pass both the written test and the interview will receive the Certificate of Eligibility for Primary and Middle School Teachers and Kindergarten Teachers. Certificates of conformity will be issued by the Ministry of Education to provincial education administrations and issued level by level. Candidates are requested to wait patiently for the issuance time. At that time, the National Teacher Qualification Examination Network will announce the collection arrangements for each province and city.
Teacher qualification certificate management
Teacher qualification certificates are uniformly printed by the Ministry of Education and are used in corresponding schools nationwide. Teachers who have obtained teacher qualifications can teach at schools and institutions at this level and below; secondary school vocational school teacher qualifications can only be used as secondary school teachers in technical secondary schools, technical schools, vocational schools, or junior vocational schools. The qualifications of teachers in senior high schools and teachers in secondary vocational schools are common. Once a fake qualification certificate is used, it cannot be declared within five years once it is found out.
Since the National Teacher Qualification Examination is still in the pilot stage, the certificate of conformity is issued by the Examination Center of the Ministry of Education. At the time of issuance, all localities stated that if it is lost, it cannot be reissued at present. According to the examination center of the Ministry of Education, this qualification certificate has been opened for reissuing services. The National Teacher Qualification Examination Network is now authorized to publish the reissuing process and precautions to the society:
Candidates log on to the comprehensive inquiry website of the examination center of the Ministry of Education: http://chaxun.neea.edu.cn/, and select a replacement certificate from the left navigation bar;
This service requires users to register and log in to the system before they can use it;
After logging in to the system, select the test items as qualification certificates for primary and secondary school and kindergarten teacher qualification exams, and apply for a reissue of the exam qualification certificate;
After the user submits the application, the system will review the submitted information, and the certificate can be processed after passing the examination.
This function is a charge item and requires payment through online banking to receive a certificate of compliance;
A fee of 21 yuan will be charged for reissuing the certificate of qualification, including 20 yuan for certificate making and mailing, and 1 yuan for bank charges.
Those applying for the certification of teacher qualifications shall submit the following basic materials to the teacher qualification certification institutions or colleges and universities that have been entrusted in accordance with the law within the prescribed time:
1. "Application Form for Teacher Qualification" (two copies) to be completed by me.
2. Original ID and photocopy, original family register, photocopy and work unit certificate (or the township, street certificate).
3. Original and copy of academic certificate.
4. "Physical Examination Form for Personnel Applying for Teacher Qualification" issued by a hospital at or above the county level (including county level) designated by a teacher qualification certification institution.
5. Original and copy of the certificate of Putonghua proficiency test.
6. "Applicant's Ideological and Moral Appraisal Form" provided by the applicant's work unit or the township (town) government or sub-district office where the household registration is located.
7. Persons applying for the qualification of internship instructors in secondary vocational schools must also provide the original and photocopy of professional and technical qualification certificates or workers' technical grade certificates.
8. Two recent two-inch crownless half-length frontal photos.
[Announcement on Qualification of Teachers in Different Places]