Human Resources Training Policy: Interpretation of "Public Institution Staff Training Regulations"
Comprehensively strengthening the training of staff in public institutions is an urgent need and an important support and guarantee for building a high-quality professional staff team and promoting the rapid and healthy development of public services. In order to promote the scientific, institutionalized, and standardized training of staff in public institutions, in accordance with the Regulations on Cadre Education and Training, the Regulations on the Management of Personnel in Institutions, and related laws and regulations, the Organization Department of the CPC Central Committee and the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security issued the "Public Institution Staff Training Regulations" (hereinafter referred to as "Training Regulations") has become the first comprehensive and specialized management regulation for the training of public institutions in China. It regulates the training behavior of public institutions, improves the quality of training, and strengthens team building. Very important.
First, the "Training Regulations" highlight political requirements and emphasize political dominance. Public institutions serve as public service agencies, and staff of public institutions serve as public officials. They have decided that the training of public institutions should be clearly political and public. The "Training Regulations" ensure that the training of public institutions conforms to the correct political direction in terms of guiding ideology, training content, and training teachers. First, it further clarifies that "it is guided by Xi Jinping's new-style socialist ideas with Chinese characteristics in the new era, and is based on firm ideals and convictions As the root, focusing on comprehensively enhancing public service skills, highlighting the general requirements of political training, political experience, and strengthening professional capabilities and professional spirit. " Secondly, in the focus of training, it is clear to "insist that learning and implementation of Xi Jinping's new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics is the most prominent position in the training of staff in public institutions", "improve the training content system and focus on improving the ideals and beliefs of staff in public institutions Ideological awareness, professional ethics and comprehensive literacy. " The third is to put forward clear political requirements for the teaching teachers, requiring them to "support the leadership of the Communist Party of China, and must not disseminate wrong views that violate the Party's theory and line policies, and violate the central decision."
Secondly, the "Training Regulations" aimed at the practical problems of training, and carried out a comprehensive and systematic regulation on the training of personnel in public institutions. Compared with the training of civil servants, for a long time, the staff of public institutions have lacked a unified training system arrangement. The Regulations on Cadre Education and Training and the Regulations on Personnel Management of Public Institutions only describe the training in principle and lack specific operational regulations. The problems of irregular and ununiform work training in public institutions are prominent. Managerial staff and service personnel generally lack systematic training; managerial staff and professional and technical personnel lack comprehensive planning; pre-job training is generally lacking; on-the-job training, transfer training, and special training are also not standardized. The newly issued "Training Regulations" has seven chapters and thirty-two articles, and regulates the training work of public institutions from all aspects and aspects such as training purpose, guiding ideology, training content, training methods, training subjects, management and discipline, etc. , Help to enhance the systemic, continuous, targeted and effective training, laying the foundation for the scientific, institutionalized and standardized training of public institutions.
Third, the "Training Regulations" build a training content system that combines public subjects and professional subjects in accordance with the principles of classification and grading and on-demand training. General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out that to promote the reform and innovation of cadre education and training, we must work hard to carry out classified training and on-demand training. Institutions have many industries, complex functions, and strong professionalism. Training cannot be done in one pot. You must distinguish between the objects and organize the training in a hierarchical and classified manner according to the personalized and differentiated needs of the comprehensive growth of talents. To this end, the "Training Regulations" aimed at the characteristics of different positions in public institutions, and proposed that management training should focus on improving management capabilities, professional standards and professionalism; professional and technical personnel training should focus on improving professional skills and innovation and entrepreneurship; The training of technical staff in the field should focus on improving vocational skills and practical skills. At the same time, the "Training Regulations" emphasizes the need to strengthen the training of young and middle-aged backbones, especially high-level and urgently needed talents. In the design of training content, the "Training Regulations" explicitly proposed that public subjects and professional subjects should be set up. Taking pre-job training as an example, public subjects include political theories, laws and regulations, policy knowledge, codes of conduct, and disciplinary requirements that should be generally grasped; professional subjects include the theory, knowledge, technology, skills, etc. required for the position to be hired or proposed . The setting of public subjects and professional subjects, combined with general requirements and professional characteristics for training, is an important guarantee for comprehensively optimizing the competence and quality of the talent team of public institutions.
Fourth, the Training Regulations propose different training methods and specific requirements according to the different needs of pre-post training, on-the-job training, transfer training and special training. First, it is necessary to provide pre-job training for newly hired staff in public institutions to improve their ability to adapt to the work of the unit and the post; second, it is required that the staff of normal public institutions should regularly participate in on-the-job training in order to enhance their ideological and political qualities and cultivate their careers. Ethics, updating the knowledge structure, and improving work ability; Third, the staff of institutions that have changed job types or changed their job duties and tasks should undergo job transfer training to improve their ability to adapt to the duties and tasks of new posts; Staff of public institutions for specific tasks such as major projects, major projects, and major operations shall provide special training to meet the requirements for completing specific tasks. According to the different characteristics of the four types of training, the "Training Regulations" regulate the training content, training subjects, training methods, training time, teacher requirements, and construction of teaching materials, forming a comprehensive training work system.
Fifth, the "Training Regulations" clarified the management norms and disciplinary requirements for training in accordance with the requirements of teaching by law and strict management. The first is to strengthen the management of training funds, implement strict economy, run the school thriftily, and improve the efficiency of the use of funds; the second is to do a good job of the management of training institutions and propose that the personnel management department of public institutions at all levels should be based on the qualifications of teachers, personnel quality, and basic conditions for running schools. , Teaching management level, teaching quality and other conditions, focus on contacting a group of specialized training institutions to strengthen overall coordination and keep the training work relatively stable; the third is to implement training registration management, establish and improve staff training files, and type of training staff Registration, content, time, and examination results; fourth, it is proposed to strengthen the management of training plans, improve the organization and training system, strengthen overall coordination and avoid problems such as multiple training, repeated training, long-term non-training, etc .; Strengthen training supervision, stressing that the personnel management department and the competent department must supervise the staff training work carried out by public institutions to stop and correct violations of regulations.
The "Training Regulations" also combined incentives and constraints, clarified the role and status of public institution staff in training, and proposed that public institution staff have the right and obligation to receive training. The training will be used as the content of the assessment and the employment, level of the post. Important basis for promotion; staff of public institutions should strictly abide by various regulations on learning and training and honesty and self-discipline to complete prescribed training tasks.
The promulgation of the "Training Regulations" further improved the policy system for personnel management of public institutions. The serious implementation of the "Training Regulations" will not only help to comprehensively promote the institutionalization of personnel training in public institutions, but will also drive the overall reform of the personnel system of public institutions, and promote the development of public institutions' talent teams and the overall development of public services.
(Li Jianzhong, Chinese Academy of Personnel Sciences)
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